Data Protection Information

We take the protection of your personal data very seriously and process personal data gathered when visiting our website in compliance with the applicable data protection regulations. We do not publish your data or transmit them to third parties on an unauthorized basis.

While we aim to provide your personal data with maximum protection, the transmission of data may be subject to security gaps and complete data protection against third party access is impossible.

A. General information

  1. Scope of data processing

As a matter of principle, we gather and utilize users’ personal data only to the extent required to ensure the functioning of our website and of our contents and services. The gathering and utilization of our users’ personal data normally occurs after users have granted their consent. An exception occurs where data processing is legally permitted.

  1. Legal basis of data processing

To the extent that permission of the affected individual is obtained for the processing of personal data, Article 6 (1) lit. a of the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) serves as the legal basis.

In the processing of personal data to fulfil a contract whose contractual party is the individual affected, Article 6 (1) lit. b GDPR serves as the legal basis. This also applies to processing required to implement pre-contractual measures.

If processing is required to safeguard the justified interest of the MPG or a third party and the interests, basic rights and basic freedoms of the affected individual do not outweigh the first-mentioned interest, Article 6 (1) lit. f GDPR serves as the basis for such processing.

  1. Data deletion and storage duration

The affected individual’s personal data are deleted or blocked as soon as the purpose of the storage ceases to apply. Storage can also occur if provided for by European or national legislators in EU regulations, acts or other legislation to which our website is subject. A blocking or deletion of data then occurs only if a storage period prescribed by one of the aforementioned norms expires, unless a necessity exists in relation to the further storage of the data for the arrangement of a contract or the fulfilment of a contract.

  1. Contact details of responsible persons

Legal History Insights, represented by Prof. Dr. Thomas Duve, collects the data. The contact details are:

Prof. Dr. Thomas Duve

Max Planck Institute for Legal History and Legal Theory

Hansaallee 41

D-60323 Frankfurt am Main

Further contact details can be found on the imprint of this website.

Our website address is

B. Provision of the website and creation of log files

Each time you visit our website, our service and applications automatically record data and information from the computer system of the visiting computer.

The following data are gathered temporarily:

The legal basis for the temporary saving of data and log files is Article 6 (1) lit. f GDPR. Storage occurs in log files in order to ensure the website’s functionality. The data also help us optimize the websites, eliminate malfunctions and ensure our IT system security. Our justified interest in data processing pursuant to Article 6 (1) lit. f GDPR also lies in such purposes.

The data are deleted as soon as they are no longer required to achieve the purpose for which they were gathered. If data are gathered for the provision of the website, this is the case if the respective visit is ended. In the instance that data are stored in log files, this is the case after seven days at the latest. Storage above and beyond this period is possible. In this case, the users’ IP addresses are deleted or removed so they can no longer be allocated to the visiting client.

The recording of data for the provision of the website and the storage of data in log files is essential to operate the website. As a consequence, users do not have an option to revoke such data recording.

C. Web analysis

For the statistical data recording of utilization behaviour, we deploy the Matomo web analysis program (formerly: Piwik), which utilizes cookies and JavaScript to collect various information on your computer and transmit it to us automatically. Each time you visit our websites, our system records the following data and information from the visiting computer’s computer system:

Additionally, if JavaScript is activated:

The legal basis for the processing of users’ personal data is Article 6 (1) lit. f GDPR. Processing of users’ personal data enables us to analyze our users’ utilization behaviour. The evaluation of the data we obtain enables us to aggregate information about the utilization of our websites’ individual components. This helps us constantly improve our websites and their user-friendliness. Our justified interest in data processing pursuant to Article 6 (1) lit. f GDPR also lies in such purposes. The anonymization of the IP address sufficiently takes into consideration users’ interest in the protection of their personal data.

It goes that saying that you are able to revoke data gathering. You have the following independent possibilities to revoke data recording by the central server:

  1. In your browser, activate the do-not-track or do-not-follow settings. Important: The do-not-track instruction generally applies only for the device and browser in which you activate the setting. If you utilize several devices/browsers, you will need to separately activate do-not-track in all relevant locations.
  2. Utilize our opt-out function. Click the following selection box [] in order to stop data recording or to reactivate it. Important: For the opt-out, we have to store a special recognition cookie in your browser. If you delete it or utilize another PC/browser, you will need to revoke data recording again on this page.

These data are not stored together with the user’s other personal data.

D. Utilization of cookies

Our website utilizes cookies. Cookies are text files stored in the Internet browser or by the Internet browser on the user’s computer system. If a user visits a website, a cookie can be stored on the user’s operating system. This cookie contains a sequence of characters enabling the browser to be clearly identified when visiting the website again.

We deploy cookies to make our website more user-friendly. 

The legal basis for personal data processing while utilizing cookies is Article 6 (1) lit. f GDPR and § 25, section 2 no. 2 TTDSG. The purpose of cookies that are technically necessary is to simplify use of the websites for users. Some of the functions of our website cannot be offered without the use of cookies.

Cookies are stored on the user’s computer, which transmits them to our site. For this reason, you, as the user, also have full control over the utilization of cookies. You can deactivate or restrict the transmission of cookies through changing your Internet browser settings. Cookies that have already been saved can be deleted at any time. This can also occur automatically. If cookies for our website are deactivated, you may find not all of the website’s functions can continue to be utilized in full.

In addition, we also utilize cookies on our website to enable users’ utilization behaviour to be analyzed. For more information on this topic, please refer to the information provided under C.

E. Publications on Legal History Insights

We will store and publish your name and information about your professional background on our website if your contribution is published.

Your publication will be electronically archived on the open access repository <intR>²Dok which is the central publication platform of the specialised information service for international and interdisciplinary legal research set up by the German Research Foundation at the Berlin State Library – Prussian Cultural Heritage. Your publication will thus receive a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) address.

The purpose of this publication is to inform readers, to enable them to contact the author, to cite the article’s DOI address and to clarify the scientific responsibility for the article.

The legal basis is Art. 6 para. 1 lit. f GDPR. Our justified interest lies in the presentation of the contents in accordance with the principles of good scientific practice, which also includes the presentation of authorship for scientific contributions.

F. Newsletter

If you subscribe using the subscription form on our website, we will save and use your email address for the purpose of sending you a free newsletter including the latest blog posts by email. You can revoke your consent at any time with effect for the future, for example by contacting us via the contact form or using the corresponding unsubscribe link at the end of each email.

The legal basis for processing the data after a user signs up for the newsletter is the user’s consent according to Article 6, para. 1, lit. a GDPR. The purpose of data collection is to be able to send out the newsletter. The data is deleted as soon as it is no longer required in order to fulfil the purpose of its collection. The user’s email address is therefore only saved for as long as the subscription is active. The newsletter subscription can be cancelled by the user concerned at any time.

G. Inquiry via e-mail or contact form

If you contact us by e-mail or via the contact form on the website, your inquiry as well as your name and email address will be saved. We do not pass on this data without your consent.

The data you send via the contact form will remain with us until you request deletion or revoke your consent for us to store it.

H. Links to other websites

We link websites of other providers (third parties) that are not affiliated with us. If you click on these links, the provider no longer has any influence on which data is collected and used by these third parties. More detailed information on data collection and data use can be found in the data protection declaration of the respective third party. As the collection and processing of data by third parties is beyond our control, we cannot assume any responsibility for this.

I. Rights of individuals affected

As an individual whose personal data are gathered as part of the aforementioned services, you have, in principle, the following rights, to the extent that no legal exceptions are applicable in individual cases: